Place of employment / Part-time job in Japan
Japan is famous in the world for the importance of work and all the rules related to it. Japan is a country with an intense sense of responsibility: there is a determined line between being a student and contributing actively to the society through your job as a “Shakai-jin”, literally “member of the society”.
The first step to enter the Japanese job market is to understand which job conditions are behind employment contracts. There are three main employment contract types in Japan:
・Sei sha-in Permanent Employee;
it is known for being the best among all the employment contracts from employee point of view. This is because it can provide to the employee, the maximum of the benefits that the company offers. Plus, Japanese employers don’t tend to terminate easily permanent employees, this contract could certainly assure you a stable employment situation.
Some Japanese companies don’t pay overtime allowances to permanent employees though.
・Keiyaku sha-inContract Employee;
this contract usually represents a short term. It is often used by employers in case of trial period before the Sei sha-in contract. Traditionally the employer’s obligations towards contract employees were very low, but this has been improved a lot in recent times and even Contract employees have the right to have paid leave, pension plans and other social benefits. The best point for a Contract employee is that the employer must pay overtime allowances in any case. The Japanese law is truly putting some efforts to provide these employees rights like the one to not to be terminated without cause or compensation.
・Haken sha-in Outsourced or Temporary Employee;
The “Haken” employees will not be the company’s employees, or on the company’s payroll; they will be the employees of a temporary agency, which will invoice to the hiring company for the hours worked by them. This type of contract is mainly used for admin or secretarial personnel (back office), but also for interim management positions, when a fill-in manager is needed for a short term.
Most of the benefits are from the employer point of view: the employer has no actual obligation to you if he/she thinks that you are not fitting the position after the conventional trial period.
Although this contract may seem not so good, it is not as much popular as in Europe for example. Since the hourly cost of a temporary employee would be about 150% to 160% the cost of a contract or permanent employee (because an agent is fully involved) lots of Japanese companies are not willing to spend so much if their goal is to build a solid and permanent structure in the company.
・Aru Baito Part-time job;
a part-time job is a part-time job everywhere. There is no significant difference from other countries in the world. The remuneration is hourly and most of the time is a way for students to earn some money. A part-time job can become a full-time job even directly to the Sei sha-in level.
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